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The response of gamma interferon activation factor is under developmental control in cells of the macrophage lineage

: Eilers, A.; Seegert, D.; Schindler, C.; Baccarini, M.; Decker, T.

Molecular and Cellular Biology 13 (1993), Nr.6, S.3245-3254
ISSN: 0270-7306
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
cell; cell differentiation; cytokines; cytology; gene expression; genetic transcription; HeLa cell; interferon; interferon gamma; macrophage; molecular biology; transcription factor

Gamma interferon activation (GAF) rapidly induces transcriptional activation of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)-responsive genes. Conversion of the GAF from a latent cytoplasmic to an activated, DNA-binding form is an immediate step in the cellular response to IFN-gamma. The amount of IFN-gamma-activated GAF, measured by exonculease III protection or gel shift assays, increased strongly upon monocytic differentiation of U937 cells. Activated GAF contained the IFN-responsive 91-kDa protein as its DNA-binding activity in gel shift or exonuclease III assays could be inhibited through direct addition of specific antiserum, and it was not present in p91-immunodepleted extracts. There was a differentiation induced increase in the amount of nonphosphorylated (latent) p91. Transcription rate measurement demonstrated a strong induction of the p91 gene during monocytic differentiation of U937 cells.