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Qualitäts- und Betriebssicherung von Eisenbahnrädern mittels zerstörungsfreier Ultraschall-Spannungsanalyse

 
: Schneider, E.; Herzer, H.-R.; Hintze, H.; Rode, W.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung e.V. -DGZfP-, Berlin:
Qualitätssicherung durch Werkstoffprüfung 1991
Berlin, 1991 (DGZfP-Berichtsbände 26)
S.151-160
Deutsch
Aufsatz in Buch
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
Eisenbahn; railway wheel; Spannungsverteilung; stress analysis; stress distribution; Ultraschallverfahren; ultrasonic technique; wheel break

Abstract
Freight trains are braked by pressing brake-shoes on to the rolling surface of the wheels. Due to the heat, put in during in during the braking periods and the subsequent cooling, tensile stress states are developed in the rims of the wheels. Cracks in the rolling surface, which are not harmful otherwise may grow under the influence of the tensile stress and may even cause the failure of a wheel. In order to assure the reliability of the wheels and the safety of the traffic, the stress states of railroad wheels need to be inspected periodically. The ultrasonic effect is used to evaluate the difference of the principle stresses along the circumferency and the radial direction. Prototyps are under use in workshops to evaluate the stress states in wheels automatically.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/PX-30432.html