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Process parameter dependence of Imurity-free interdiffusion in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs and InyGa1-yAs/GaAs multible quantum wells

Einfluß der Prozessparameter auf die deckschitinduzierte Interdiffusion von GaA/AlxGa1-xAs und InyGa1-yAs/GaAs Multiquantumwells


Journal of Electronic Materials 24 (1995), Nr.7, S.805-812 : Abb.,Lit.
ISSN: 0361-5235
ISSN: 1543-186X
Fraunhofer IAF ()
GaAs/AlGaAs; InGaAs/GaAs; MQW

The dependence of the impurity-free interdiffusion process on the properties of the dielectric cap layer has been studied, for both unstrained GaAs/Alx Ga1-y As and pseudomorphic Iny Ga1-y As/GaAs MQW structures grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The influence of the cap layer hickness, composition, and deposition technique on the degree of interdiffusion were all systematically investigated. Electron-beam evaporated SiO2 films of varying thickness, chemical-vapor-deposited SiOxNy films of varying composition, and spin-on SiO2 films were used as cap layers during rapid thermal annealing (850-950 degree). Photoluminescence at 10K has been employed to determine the interdiffusion-induced bandgap shifts and to calculate the corresponding Al-Ga and In-Ga interdiffusion coefficients. The latter were found to increase with the cap layer thickness (e-beam SiO2) up to a limit determined by saturation of the outdiffused Ga concentration in the SiO2 caps. A maximum concentration of [Ga] = 4-7 x 10 (19) ccm in the Si02 caps was determined using secondary ion mass spectroscopy profiling. Larger band-edge shifts are also obtained when the oxygen content of SiOx Ny cap layers is increased, although the differences are not sufficiently large for a laterally selective interdiffusion process based on variations in cap layer composition alone. Much larger differences are obtained by using different deposition techniques for the cap layers, indicating that the porosity of the cap layer is a much more important parameter than the film composition for the realization of a laterally selective interdiffusion process. For the calculated In0.2 Ga0.8 As/GaAs interdiffusion coefficients, activation energies EA and prefactors D0 were estimated to ranging from 3.04 to 4.74 eV and 5 x 10(3) to 2 x 10(5) square centimeter/s, respectively, dependent on the cap layer deposition technique and the depth of the MQW from the sample surface.