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Overview of the state of the art on multiaxial fatigue of welds

Übersicht über den Stand der Schwingfestigkeit von Schweißverbindungen unter mehrachsiger Belastung
: Sonsino, C.M.

Macha, E.; Mroz, Z. ; University of Opole:
Fifth International Conference on Biaxial/Multiaxial Fatigue and Fracture 1997. Proceedings. Vol.1
Opole, 1997
ISBN: 83-86708-40-9
S.395-419 : Ill., Lit.
International Conference on Biaxial/Multiaxial Fatigue and Fracture (ICB-MF&F) <5, 1997, Cracow>
Fraunhofer LBF ()
Apparatebau; bending; Biegung; constant amplitude loading; damage accumulation; Dehnung; Einstufenbeanspruchung; equipment construction; fatigue life estimation; Festigkeitsbeurteilung; Lebensdauerabschätzung; local stress; machine building; Maschinenbau; mehrachsige Beanspruchung; Mehrstufenbeanspruchung; metal specimen; Metall; multiaxial loading; Nennspannung; nominal stress; örtliche Spannung; Probestab; Rechenverfahren; Schadensakkumulation; Schweißverbindung; Spannung; Spannungsanalyse; strain; strength evaluation; stress; stress analysis; test; theoretical method; torsion; variable amplitude loading; Versuch; welded joint

Flange-tube joints from fine grained steel StE 460 with unmachined welds were investigated under biaxial constant and variable amplitude loading (bending and torsion) in the range of 10(exp 3) to 5 x 10(exp 6) cycles to crack initiation and break-through, respectively. In order not to interfere with residual stresses they were relieved by a heat treatment. In-phase loading can be treated fairly well using the conventional hypotheses (von Mises or Tresca) on basis of nominal, structural or local strains or stresses. But the influence of out-of-phase loading on fatigue life is severely overestimated if conventional hypotheses are used. However, the introduced hypothesis of the effective equivalent stress leads to fairly well predictions. Herefore, the knowledge of local strains or stresses is necessary. They are determined by boundary-elemente analyses in dependency of weld geometry. This hypothesis consider the fatigue-life reducing influence of out-of-phase loading by taking into accou nt the interaction of local shear stresses acting in different surface planes of the material. Further, size effects resulting from weld geometry and loading mode were included. Damage accumulation under a Gaussian spectrum can be assessed for in- and out-of-phase combined bending and torsion using an allowable damage sum of 0.35.