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Optimizing logistic structures by a pool-system
One solution to avoid waste is the cyclic structure of material flows. The aim is on the one hand to reduce the quantity of materials which are fed into the economic system. On the other hand, those material flows which become waste should occur later by leading them into a cyclic flow. The structural change towards a closed-loop economy can be proceeded by a pool system in the field of packaging. A case study shows an example in the chemical industry to optimize logistic structures, cut costs and aim at ecological targets. As a result of this study the non-reusable packaging of foil rolls could be replaced by a reusable metal rack and one-way packaging material could be reduced from 100 kg to only 1 kg of foils for the packaging of 1 t of magnetic tape foils. Costs for packaging material, packing processes and waste disposal could be saved. Thanks to shown cost structures customers could be persuaded to integrate this system into their logistic structure and thus to take overnecessar y logistic functions.