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A new type of optical gas sensors.

Ein neues Meßprinzip der optischen Gassensorik
: Brandenburg, A.; Edelhäuser, R.; Hutter, F.

1st Conference on Optical Chemical Sensors and Biosensors
Optical Chemical Sensors and Biosensors <1, 1992, Graz>
Fraunhofer IPM ()
evanescence field; Evaneszenz-Feld; gas sensor; gassensor; integrated optics; integrierte Optik; interferometer; organically modified silicate; organisch modifiziertes Silikat

A new type of optical sensors for the detection of gases is proposed. The working principle is as follows: The gas to be measured is absorbed by a sensitive film, which changes its refractive index with gas absorption. The sensitive film is deposited onto an integrated optical interferometer. As the intensity distribution of waveguide modes is not totally confined to the waveguide, interferometer phase changes with the refractive index of the film. Tests have been made with interferometers of Fabry-Perot- and of Mach-Zehnder-type. As sensitive films organically modified silicates are used. Films sensitive towards e.g. CO2 and SO2 have been tested under different gas atmospheres. Temperature dependence of the sensor signal and cross sensitivities towards other gases and humidity have been investigated. A sensor element has been fabricated, that will be suitable for the detection of the threshold limit value of CO2.