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Microbial production and uptake of nitric oxide in soil.

Mikrobielle Produktion und Aufnahme von NO im Boden
: Slemr, F.; Conrad, R.; Remde, A.

FEMS Microbiology Ecology (1989), Nr.62, S.221-230
ISSN: 0168-6496
ISSN: 1574-6941
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
aerob; anaerob; Chemodenitrifizierung; Kompensationspunkt; NO; Saurer Boden; Stickstoffmonoxid

Fluxes of NO from three different soils have been studied by a flow-through system in the laboratory as a function of gas flow rate, of NO mixing ratio, and of incubation conditions. The dependence of net NO fluxes on gas flow rates and on NO mixing ratios could be described by a simple model of simultaneous NO production and NO uptake. By using this model, rates of gross NO production, rate constants of NO uptake, and NO compensation mixing ratios could be determined as function of the soil type and the incubation condition. Gross NO production rates were one or two orders of magnitude larger under anaerobic than under aerobic conditions. NO uptake rate constants, on the other hand, were only 5-8 times larger so that the compensation mixing ratios of NO were in a range of about 1600-2200 ppbv under anaerobic and of about 50-600 ppbv under aerobic conditions. The different soils exhibited similar NO uptake rate constants, but the gross NO production rate and compensation mixing ratio w as significantly higher in an acidic (pH 4.7) sandy clay loam than in the other less acidic soils. Experiments with autoclaved soil samples showed that both NO production and NO uptake was mainly due to microbial metabolism.