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Lasercarving - rapid progress in an advanced technology

: Beyer, E.; Petring, D.; Zefferer, H.; Eberl, G.

Geiger, M. ; International Institution for Production Engineering Research -CIRP-, Paris:
Laser assisted net shape engineering. Proceedings of the 26th International CIRP Seminar on Manufacturing Systems - LANE 1994 : Erlangen, October 12 - 14, 1994
Bamberg: Meisenbach, 1994
ISBN: 3-87525-061-3
S.477-490 : Abb.,Lit.
International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems <26, 1994, Erlangen>
Fraunhofer ILT ()
CAD geometry; CNC program; laser fusion caving; lasercaving; production technology; removal process

Thermal stock removal by laser (lasercaving) adds an utmost flexible process to production technologies for the manufacture of complex free-form areas. An LCPS (LASERCAV Programming System) enables the computer-aided transformation of CAD geometry data of the component to be translated directly into ready-to-operate CNC programmes. Automatic compliance with the programmed depth of removal is ensured by a depth sensor and control system. The complete system in the past used only the high-precision laser oxide chip caving technique as a stock removal process, whose low removal rate leads to comparatively long machining times. This variant of the process is meant for finish machining. Meanwhile, in addition to this the laser fusion caving technique based on process investigations carried out at the ILT has reached a state which enables systematic representation and conversion of the measures necessary to optimise the application technique. In addition to the design of suitable basic param eter sets, decisive advances particularly include the development of a process gas nozzle which is equally suitable for both machining techniques and the determination and evaluation of the families of characteristics for removal depths, removal rate, roughness, efficiency and the heat affected zone, as a function of the feed rate and laser power. Because integration of this rough machining process in the design of the commercial LASERCAV machine has now begun, a system will be available which is acceptable both with regard to shaping accuracy and production times.