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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of steel samples unsing multiple Q-switch Nd: YAG laser pulses

: Sattmann, R.; Sturm, V.; Noll, R.


Journal of Physics. D. Applied Physics 28 (1995), S.2181-2187 - Abb.,Lit.
ISSN: 0022-3727
Fraunhofer ILT ()
coupled plasmas; electrical sparks; interpulse separation; microwaves; one-step LIBS; vaporized material

Single, double and multiple Q-switch Nd:YAG laser pulses are used to vaporise material from solid steel samples and to induce a plasma. The material ablation of different pulse bursts, emission intensities of iron lines and electron temperatures and densities are determined. Material ablation is found to increase with multiple pulses compared to single pulses of fixed total energy as well as electron temperatures and densities. Line intensities can be increased by a factor of about two using double pulses. Quantitative microchemical analysis of low-alloy steel is performed with single and double pulses. The analytical performance is improved by the double-pulse technique.