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Inhibition of amino acid uptake and incorporation into proteins in friend erythroleukemia cells by the anthracycline antitumor antibiotic aclacinomycin A

 

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Biochemical pharmacology 37 (1988), Nr.7, S.1377-1382
ISSN: 0006-2952
ISSN: 1873-2968
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
aclacinomycin A; antibiotic; antitumor antibiotic; cancer; cancer therapy; chemotherapy; DNA; friend erythroleukemia cell; RNA

Abstract
Treatment of Friend erythroleukemia cells with aclacinomycin A caused a concomitant inhibition of uptake of 14C-alpha-amino-isobutyric acid (AIB) and of the incorporation of 3H-alanine into proteins. The decrease in amino acid uptake and incorporation into proteins was dose-dependent and reached a maximum of 60 % within 3 hours. A comparison of the effect on protein incorporation of 3H-Alanine and cell proliferation by various anthracycline antitumor antibiotics revealed that two other N-alkylated anthracyclines, pyrromycin and marcellomycin, are also potent inhibitors of the incorporation of amino acids into proteins. Inhibition of animo acid incorporation into proteins correlated well with the reduction of cell number at a later time. In contrast, adriamycin and daunomycin inhibited the incorporation of 3H-alanine into proteins only weakly, although these substances were highly active at inhibiting cell proliferation. Studies with an inhibitor of RNA synthesis, actinomycin D, suggest that the cocomitant inhibition of amino acid uptake and incorporation of proteins observed with aclacinomycin A is not due to a reduced RNA synthesis. In addition, aclacinomycin A did not inhibit protein synthesis in a cell-free translational system from rabbit reticulocytes. These results indicate that the reduction of amino acid incorporation into proteins after treatment of Friend erythroleukemia cells with aclacinomycin A may be due to a reduced uptake of amino acids.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/PX-18790.html