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Impacts of the structures of electricity and gas tariffs on the rational use of energy

: Brand, M.

ENER bulletin (1989), Nr.6, S.45-58
Fraunhofer ISI ()
Grenzkosten; internationaler Vergleich; rationelle Energiekosten; simulation; Tarifstruktur

Theoretically, optimal tariff structures should reflect long-run marginal costs. An international comparison shows considerable differences in the structures of energy prices, which can only be explined by a different philosophy of price setting. Examples show the influence of tariff structures on the profitability of rational energy use. 1989 in Germany field experiments have been started with time-of-use electricity rates for residential customers dependent on marginal costs. First simulations show a considerable potential for load-shifting in the residential sector.