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Immunotherapy of murine visceral leishmaniasis with murine recombinant interferon gamma and MTP-PE encapsulated in liposomes


Journal of Interferon Research 11 (1991), Nr.3, S.177-185
ISSN: 0197-8357
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
Immunologie; immunology; immunotherapy; interferon gamma; Leishmania donovani; macrophage; Makrophage; Maus; mouse

The efficiency of immunotherapy with murine recombinant interferon-Gamma (rIFN-Gamma) in mouse visceral leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania donovani was examined. To avoid the side effects encountered after the in vivo administration of high dosages of free IFN-Gamma, this lymphokine and muramyltripeptide (MTP-PE) were encapsulated into multilamellar liposomes. We established that a combination of 5 x 10high3U of IFN-Gamma and 6 Myg of MTP-PE, encapsulated in liposomes and given i.v. in C56BL/6 and BALB/c mice activates macrophages from spleen and liver in vivo to kill L. donovani in vitro. Neither empty liposomes nor the same concentration of free IFN-Gamma and/or MTP-PE injected i.v. resulted in a leishmanicidal activity of these macrophage populations. For verification of these results in an in vivo infection model, susceptible mice were infected with L. donovani and were treated with IFN-Gamma and MTP-PE encapsulated in multilamellar vesicles. Treatment consisted of multiple i.v. in jections beginning 4 and 2 days before infection (prophylactic), either simultaneously with the infection or at various times of the exacerbation and remission phases of visceral leishmaniasis. These mouse strains treated with IFN-Gamma and MTP-PE in liposomes had significantly fewer splenic parasites than untreated mice or control animals treated with free drugs or empty liposomes.