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Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations

: Dekorsy, T.; Leisching, P.; Köhler, K.; Kurz, H.


Physical Review. B 50 (1994), Nr.11, S.8106-8109
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
Fraunhofer IAF ()
superlattice; time resolved electrical measurement; Übergitter; zeitaufgelöste elektrische Messung

The coherent motion of electronic wave packets in the Wannier-Stark regime of externally biased GaAs/Al (ind x) Ga (ind 1-x) As superlattices is investigated by a time-resolved electro-optic technique. As predicted by the semiclassical theory electronic wave packets undergo Bloch oscillations. They are observed via anisotropic changes in the refractive index associated with a intraband polarization, which is set up by the coherent spatial motion of electronic wave packets relative to localized holes. The oscillation amplitude depends strongly on the initial excitation conditions. Frequency, amplitude and dephasing of Bloch oscillations are investigated over a wide range of electric fields. Complementary results to four-wave mixing and THz emission experiments are obtained.