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Ductile fracture parameters of RPV-materials

: Blauel, J.G.; Hollstein, T.; Voss, B.

Nuclear Engineering and Design (1986), Nr.94, S.325-335 : Abb.,Tab.,Lit.
ISSN: 0029-5493
Fraunhofer IWM ()

Ductile fracture material parameters have been determined for a reactor pressure vessel material to characterize its fracture resistance in the upper shelf toughness regime. Three different methods (the multiple specimen unloading (MSU), direct current potential drop (DCPD) and single specimen partial unloading compliance (SSPUC) methods) have been applied to test different CT-specimen geometries at temperatures between 25 and 300 degrees C. It is shown that there are principle differences between J-R-curves measured by different experimental procedures, because of different methods for the measurement of crack lengths and crack growth. For instability analyses, using a complete J-R-curve, these differences seem to be negligible. For the determination of critical material parameters at or close to initiation of stable crack growth these differences may cause systematic errors tending to higher values for DCPD as compared to MSU-results and to lower values for SSPUC respectively. Proced ures can be defined to evaluate comparable critical material parameters from the different experimental procedures, if J sub i is known in a good approximation allowing to consider only the real extension without blunting, or if in addition the real (or realistically modelled) blunting and the effective blunting of the specific method are known. The differences in material parameters will depend quantitatively on the type of material and its toughness (slope of J-R-curve).