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Jumping to a conclusion: Fallacies and standards of proof

: Walton, D.; Gordon, T.

Informal logic. Online journal 29 (2009), Nr.2, S.215-243
ISSN: 0824-2577
Fraunhofer FOKUS ()
defeasible reasoning; classification of fallacy; ignoring exception; secundum quid fallacy; burden of proof; error of reasoning; suppression of evidence; argumentation

Five errors that fit under the category of jumping to a conclusion are identified: (1) arguing from premises that are insufficient as evidence to prove a conclusion (2) fallacious argument from ignorance, (3) arguing to a wrong conclusion, (4) using defeasible reasoning without being open to exceptions, and (5) overlooking/suppressing evidence. It is shown that jumping to a conclusion is best seen not as a fallacy itself, but as a more general category of faulty argumentation pattern underlying these errors and some related fallacies.