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Measurement of mechanical forces generated by plant P-protein aggregates (forisomes)

: Schwan, S.; Ferrell, N.; Hansford, D.; Spohn, U.; Heilmann, A.


European biophysics journal 38 (2009), Nr.4, S.533-536
ISSN: 0175-7571
Fraunhofer IWM ()
Fraunhofer IWM-H ()
Bio MEMS; force measurement; P-protein aggregate; soft lithography

Mechanical forces generated by forisomes were measured using a microfabricated polymer cantilever sensor. The forces were simultaneously measured in both the longitudinal and radial directions. Sensors were fabricated from polystyrene using the sacrificial layer micromolding process. The sensor response was simulated using finite element analysis. Forces in the longitudinal direction ranged from 84 to 136 nN and forces in the radial direction were 22-61 nN. This device offers a new approach to measuring small magnitude biological forces. In addition, the ability to accurately measure forces generated by forisomes is an important step toward their implementation as functional structures in microdevices.