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In vivo study with quartz-containing ceramic dusts: Inflammatory effects of two factory samples in lungs after intratracheal instillation in a 28-day study with rats

: Creutzenberg, O.; Ziemann, C.; Hansen, T.; Ernst, H.; Jackson, P.; Cartlidge, D.; Brown, R.

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-932135 (673 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: f136bc917373a7d5b5185bb8da722bd7
Erstellt am: 9.4.2009

Hurley, J.F.:
Inhaled particles X : 23-25 September 2008, Sheffield, UK
Bristol: IOP Publishing, 2009 (Journal of physics. Conference series 151.2009)
ISSN: 1742-6588
Art. 012031, 5 S.
Inhaled Particles Conference <10, 2008, Sheffield>
Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

As various quartz polymorphs react differently in lungs, a differentiation of effects is needed while setting occupational exposure levels. The objective of this European Collective Research Project SILICERAM was to characterize differences in biological activity of four quartz species, i.) 2 quartz-containing materials collected at typical ceramic manufacturing sites (Tableware granulate, TG and Tableware cast, TC) versus ii.) a designed ceramic dust sample (Contrived Sample, CS) and iii.) ground quartz DQ12 (well-characterised standard quartz (Positive Control, PC) and TiO2 (negative control). TG and TC had been selected as the most promising two candidates based on a preceding in vitro screening of 5 factory samples. Total doses of 5 mg per rat of the TG and TC, 1.1 mg of the CS and 0.33 mg of the PC corresponding to 0.29, 0.16, 0.29 and 0.29 mg quartz per rat, respectively, were administered to rats by intratracheal instillation. After 3 days, bronchoalveolar lavagate (BAL) analysis resulted in polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) levels of 15%, 25%, 0.6% and 25% in the TG, TC, CS and PC groups, respectively. At 28 days, the values were 29%, 20%, 7% and 45%. Histopathologically, the TG and TC groups showed very slight to slight effects, the PC group, however, stronger effects after the same period. In conclusion, the following ranking was found: PC > TG > TC > CS > TiO2 > Vehicle Control. Thus, a clear differentiation of effects for TG and TC, CS and PC was found. From a regulatory point of view, the substance-specific toxic potentials of TG and TC may need to be considered when devising occupational exposure limits.