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Rat inhalation test with particles from biomass combustion and biomass co-firing exhaust

: Bellmann, B.; Creutzenberg, O.; Ernst, H.; Muhle, H.

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-931972 (582 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: e1524146edf41db0b204d2c4b584bbd2
Erstellt am: 9.4.2009

Hurley, J.F.:
Inhaled particles X : 23-25 September 2008, Sheffield, UK
Bristol: IOP Publishing, 2009 (Journal of physics. Conference series 151.2009)
ISSN: 1742-6588
Art. 012067, 5 S.
Inhaled Particles Conference <10, 2008, Sheffield>
Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

The health effects of 6 different fly ash samples from biomass combustion plants (bark, wood chips, waste wood, and straw), and co-firing plants (coal, co-firing of coal and sawdust) were investigated in a 28-day nose-only inhalation study with Wistar WU rats. Respirable fractions of carbon black (Printex 90) and of titanium dioxide (Bayertitan T) were used as reference materials for positive and negative controls. The exposure was done 6 hours per day, 5 days per week at an aerosol concentration of 16 mg/m3. The MMAD of all fly ash samples and reference materials in the inhalation unit were in the range from 1.5 to 3 micro m. The investigations focused predominantly on the analysis of inflammatory effects in the lungs of rats using bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and histopathology. Different parameters (percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN), interleukin-8 and interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration in the lung tissue) indicating inflammatory effects in the lung, showed a statistically significant increase in the groups exposed to carbon black (positive control), C1 (coal) and C1+BM4 (co-firing of coal and sawdust) fly ashes. Additionally, for the same groups a statistically significant increase of cell proliferation in the lung epithelium was detected. No significant effects were detected in the animal groups exposed to BM1 (bark), BM2 (wood chips), BM3 (waste wood), BM6 (straw) or titanium dioxide.