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Muscle activation patterns of healthy subjects during floor walking and stair climbing on an end-effector-based gait rehabilitation robot

Muskelaktivierungsmuster von gesunden Personen während des Gehens und Treppensteigens für einen End-Effektor basierten Geh-Rehabilitationsroboter
: Schmidt, H.; Volkmar, M.; Werner, C.; Helmich, I.; Piorko, F.; Krüger, J.; Hesse, S.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
2007 IEEE 10th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2007. Vol. 2 : Noordwijk, Netherlands, 13 - 15 June 2007
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2007
ISBN: 1-424-41319-2
ISBN: 978-1-424-41319-5
ISBN: 1-4244-1320-6
International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR) <10, 2007, Noordwijk>
Fraunhofer IPK ()
Ganganalyse (Biomechanik); Gehen; Rehabilitation; Rehabilitationshilfe; mobiler Roboter; Muskelaktivität; Merkmalextraktionsverfahren; Elektromyographie; Messdatenverarbeitung

A major criterion for the application of rehabilitation robots in gait therapy is the question to what extent the machine is able to facilitate physiologically correct muscle activation patters in the patients leg muscles in order to achieve an optimal gait training effect The EMG data presented in this paper is based on intermediate results of a study with 8 healthy subjects (5 male, 3 female) to evaluate the end-effector based gait rehabilitation robot HapticWalker in position controlled mode. The study investigated two different walking trajectories (floor, upstairs) at three different cadences (45, 60, 90 steps/min) in three different modes (free walking, HapticWalker with vertical CoM motion, HapticWalker without vertical CoM motion). Results show that muscle EMGs measured from all relevant leg muscles have the same phasic and rhythmic muscle activation patterns on the HapticWalker as with free walking. Even though there are differences in patterns of dedicated muscles, the authors observed reduced amplitudes and slightly delayed activation on the HapticWalker compared to free walking. No differences in EMGs were observed between the two different HapticWalker modes (with vertical CoM motion, cancelled CoM motion), which might eliminate the need for an active trunk suspension system in the latter case. A passive patient lifter would significantly reduce the complexity of the machine construction, all advanced training modes (e.g. dynamic body weight reduction) could then be accomplished via compliant behavior of the freely programmable footplates. Numerous EMG measurements with healthy subjects and non-ambulatory stroke patients were performed on the predecessing electromechanical Gait Trainer GT I and showed that physiologically relevant findings from healthy subjects (e.g. correct phasic muscle activation) can be transferred to a certain extent to stroke patients, but nevertheless studies with stroke patients on the robotic gait trainer HapticWalke.
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