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Paramagnetic hyperfine splitting in the Eu-151 Mössbauer spectra of CaF2:Eu2+

: Selling, J.; Bielemeier, B.; Wortmann, G.; Johnson, J.A.; Alp, E.E.; Chen, T.; Brown, D.E.; Johnson, C.E.; Schweizer, S.

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-768474 (832 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 555a7c627aa07e69034022689535115c
Erstellt am: 9.4.2009

Physical Review. B 77 (2008), Nr.22, Art. 224442, 8 S.
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
ISSN: 2469-9950
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Fraunhofer IWM ( Fraunhofer IWM-H) ()
fluorozirconate glass ceramic; powder diffraction; upconversion; nanocrystal; enhancement; lifetime

Eu-151 Mossbauer spectra in zero magnetic field of highly dilute (0.1 mol%) Eu2+ ions in CaF2 showed an almost temperature-independent asymmetrically split pattern, arising from the paramagnetic hyperfine interaction AS.I in a cubic crystal field with slow electron spin relaxation; in a small external magnetic field B of 0.2 T such that g mu B-B>A an almost symmetrical pattern was observed. Both the spectra with and without external field are well described using the spin Hamiltonian and previous electron paramagnetic resonance data. A more concentrated (2 mol% Eu2+) sample exhibited a strongly broadened symmetrical resonance line due to an increased Eu-Eu spin relaxation rate; in an external magnetic field of 0.2 T the Mossbauer spectra exhibited further broadening and additional magnetic structures due to the reduced relaxation rate. When a large field of 6 T was applied such that g mu B-B is much larger than the crystal field splitting, a fully resolved hyperfine pattern was observed at 2.5 K, with an effective field at the Eu nuclei of -33.7 T; at higher temperatures superimposed patterns originating from excited electronic states were observed in the spectra. The present results on the highly dilute CaF2:0.1%Eu2+ sample deliver a straightforward explanation for previous observations of a seemingly large dependence of the Eu2+ isomer shift on europium concentration.