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Surface chemistry of nanoscale Fe3O4 dispersed in magnetic fluids

: JianHan, X.; Hui, S.; Wei, Z.; Yi, L.; JiaXin, D.; Günther, B.


Science in China. B 50 (2007), Nr.6, S.754-758
ISSN: 1006-9291
ISSN: 1001-652X
Fraunhofer IFAM ()

The interaction between stabilizers and nanoparticles is one of the important factors to prepare stable magnetic fluids. The magnetic nano-size Fe3O4 core with single domain and the average grain size around 8-12 nm were prepared by chemical precipitation method. The O/Fe molar ratio of the particle surface was measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The heat effects of stabilizers adsorption on nanoparticles were measured by solution calorimetry. The excess amount of oxygen was possibly the result of the hydroxygen formed on the surface of the nanoparticles. The heat effects showed that compounds containing carboxyl groups can be adsorbed chemically on magnetite by forming chemical bonds. The other stabilizers involving NH-groups, such as polyethylene-imine, can be adsorbed physically. The exothermic value is about half of the former case.