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Thermo-mechanical reliability of power flip-chip cooling concepts

: Wunderle, B.; Dudek, R.; Michel, B.; Reichl, H.


IEEE Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology Society; Electronic Industries Alliance -EIA-; Electronic Components, Assemblies, and Materials Association:
54th Electronic Components & Technology Conference 2004. Proceedings. Vol.1 : Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, June 1 - 4, 2004
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Service Center, 2004
ISBN: 0-7803-8365-6
ISBN: 0-7803-8366-4
Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC) <54, 2004, Las Vegas/Nev.>
Fraunhofer IZM ()

In this paper we examine the thermo-mechanical reliability of solder bumps for the situation where a flip-chip mounted die is, in addition to periodic thermal loads, constrained by mechanical boundary conditions caused by the attachment of a heatsink. Two cooling concepts were chosen to study their effects on bump reliability: In one configuration the heatsink is attached to the reverse side of the die and in the other it is attached below the board. An ample study was carried out based on modular-parametric FE-simulations for bump lifetime prediction and thermal cycling tests for experimental verification. The experiments do coincide well with the simulative prediction, allowing for the first time a clear statement about the reliability of flip-chip packages with attached heatsinks. It results that in general all additional constraints on the chip do reduce bump lifetime, but by adjustment of material and geometric parameters it can be maximised. Eventually design guidelines are given which are obtained by systematic variation of characteristic parameters determining reliability of such assemblies.