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Economic and ecological aspects in product life cycle evaluation

: Westkämper, E.; Niemann, J.; Dauensteiner, A.


Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture 215 (2001), Nr.B5, S.673-681
ISSN: 0954-4054
ISSN: 2041-2975
ISSN: 0263-7146
Fraunhofer IPA ()
Produktlebenszyklus; Life Cycle Costing; product life cycle; digitale Fabrik; digital factory

Today's industrial enterprises are operating in a turbulent field of activity. Technical aspects as well as the international markets determine the production activities. The permanent monitoring and adaption of the manufacturing and service processes help to master these constraints. Demands regarding efficiency and quality of modern manufacturing systems are further increasing. Producers of manufacturing systems are responsible for supporting a more robust operation and observing regulations and restrictions during the life cycle stages of the system. Life cycle management (LCM) considers the product life cycle as a whole and optimizes the interaction of the product design and the life cycle activities. To this end, the protection of resources and the effectiveness during use is maximized by means of product data management (PDM), technical support, simulation and, last but not least, life cycle evaluation methods such as life cycle costing (LCC) and life cycle assessment (LCA).