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Warburgia ugandensis leaf and bark extracts: An alternative to copper as fungicide against Downy Mildew in organic viticulture?

: Kraus, Christian; Abou-Ammar, Rada; Schubert, Andreas; Fischer, Michael

Volltext ()

Plants 10 (2021), Nr.12, Art. 2765, 15 S.
ISSN: 2223-7747
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()
Botanik; Falscher Mehltau; Plasmopara viticola; Weinbau; Warburgia ugandensis; Pflanzenextrakt; Pflanzenschutz

In organic viticulture, copper-based fungicides are commonly used to suppress Downy Mildew infection, caused by the oomycete Plasmopara viticola. However, the frequent and intensive use of such fungicides leads to accumulation of the heavy metal in soil and nearby waters with adverse effects on the ecosystem. Therefore, alternative, organic fungicides against Downy Mildew are urgently needed to reduce the copper load in vineyards. In this study, the use of Warburgia ugandensis Sprague (Family Canellacea) leaf and bark extracts as potential fungicides against Downy Mildew were evaluated. In vitro (microtiter) and in vivo (leaf discs, seedlings) tests were conducted, as well as field trials to determine the efficacy of the extracts against Downy Mildew. The results revealed an MIC100 of 500 µg/mL for the leaf extract and 5 µg/mL for the bark extract. Furthermore, experiments with leaf discs and seedlings demonstrated a strong protective effect of the extracts for up to 48 h under (semi-) controlled conditions. However, in field trials the efficacy of the extracts distinctly declined, regardless of the extracts’ origin and concentration.