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Plasma technology to remove NOx from off-gases

: Pawelec, Andrzej; Chmielewski, Andrzej G.; Sun, Yongxia; Bułka, Sylwester; Torims, Toms; Pikurs, Guntis; Mattausch, Gösta

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Nukleonika 66 (2021), Nr.4, S.227-231
ISSN: 0029-5922
ISSN: 0550-3620
ISSN: 1508-5791
International Conference on Development and Applications of Nuclear Technologies (NUTECH) <2020, Warsaw>
European Commission EC
H2020; 730871; ARIES
Accelerator Research and Innovation for European Science and Society
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer FEP ()
electron beam; flue gas treatment; marine diesel engine; NOx; SOx; ship emissions

Operation of marine diesel engines causes significant emission of sulphur and nitrogen oxides. It was noticed worldwide and the regulations concerning harmful emissions were introduced. There were several solutions elaborated; however, emission control for both SOx and NOx requires two distinctive processes realized in separated devices, which is problematic due to limited space on ship board and high overall costs. Therefore, the electron beam flue gas treatment (EBFGT) process was adopted to ensure the abatement of the problem of marine diesel off-gases. This novel solution combines two main processes: first the flue gas is irradiated with electron beam where NO and SO2 are oxidized; the second stage is wet scrubbing to remove both pollutants with high efficiency. Laboratory tests showed that this process could be effectively applied to remove SO2 and NOx from diesel engine off-gases. Different compositions of absorbing solution with three different oxidants (NaClO, NaClO2 and NaClO3) were tested. The highest NOx removal efficiency (>96%) was obtained when seawater-NaClO2-NaOH was used as scrubber solution at 10.9 kGy dose. The process was further tested in real maritime conditions at Riga shipyard, Latvia. More than 45% NOx was removed at a 5.5 kGy dose, corresponding to 4800 Nm3/h off-gases arising from ship emission. The operation of the plant was the first case of examination of the hybrid electron beam technology in real conditions. Taking into account the experiment conditions, good agreement was obtained with laboratory tests. The results obtained in Riga shipyard provided valuable information for the application of this technology for control of large cargo ship emission.