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A Full-Featured FPGA-Based Pipelined Architecture for SIFT Extraction

: Kreowsky, P.; Stabernack, B.

Volltext ()

IEEE access 9 (2021), S.128564-128573
ISSN: 2169-3536
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer HHI ()

Image feature detection is a key task in computer vision. Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) is a prevalent and well known algorithm for robust feature detection. However, it is computationally demanding and software implementations are not applicable for real-time performance. In this paper, a versatile and pipelined hardware implementation is proposed, that is capable of computing keypoints and rotation invariant descriptors on-chip. All computations are performed in single precision floating-point format which makes it possible to implement the original algorithm with little alteration. Various rotation resolutions and filter kernel sizes are supported for images of any resolution up to ultra-high definition. For full high definition images, 84 fps can be processed. Ultra high definition images can be processed at 21 fps.