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Design and pre-development of an airborne multi-species differential absorption Lidar system for water vapor and HDO isotope, carbon dioxide, and methane observation

: Dherbecourt, Jean-Baptiste; Raybaut M.; Melkonian, J.M.; Hamperl, J.; Santagata, R.; Dalin, M.; Lebat, V.; Gordard, A.; Flamant, C.; Totems, J.; Chazette, P.; Paiskevicius, V.; Heinecke, D.; Schäfer, H.; Strotkamp, Michael; Geus, Jan Fabian; Rapp, S.; Sodemann, H.; Steen-Larsen, H.C.

Volltext ()

Cugny, B. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
International Conference on Space Optics, ICSO 2020 : Virtual Conference, 20 March - 2 April 2021
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2021 (Proceedings of SPIE 11852)
Paper 118521U, 10 S.
International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO 2020) <2021, Online>
Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ILT ()
Lidar; parametric sources; greenhouse gases

We report on the current design and preliminary developments of the airborne Lidar Emitter and Multi-species greenhouse gases Observation iNstrument (LEMON), which is aiming at probing H2O and its isotope HDO at 1982 nm, CO2 at 2051 nm, and potentially CH4 at 2290 nm, with the Differential Absorption Lidar method (DIAL). The infrared emitter is based on the combination of two Nested Cavity OPOs (NesCOPOs) with a single optical parametric amplifier (OPA) line for high-energy pulse generation. This configuration is enabled by the use of high-aperture periodically poled KTP crystals (PPKTP), which provide efficient amplification in the spectral range of interest around 2 μm with slight temperature adjustments. The parametric stages are pumped with a Nd:YAG laser providing 200 mJ nanosecond double pulses at 75 Hz. According to parametric conversion simulations supported by current laboratory experiments, output energies in the 40 - 50 mJ range are expected in the extracted signal beam whilst maintaining a good beam quality (M² < 2). The ruler for all the optical frequencies involved in the system is planned to be provided by a GPS referenced frequency comb with large mode spacing (1 GHz) against which the emitter output pulses can be heterodyned. The frequency precision measurement is expected to be better than 200 kHz for the optical frequencies of interest. The presentation will give an overview of the key elements of design and of preliminary experimental characterizations of sub-systems building blocks.