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Tailored Disorder in Photonics: Learning from Nature

: Rothammer, Maximilian; Zollfrank, Cordt; Busch, Kurt; Freymann, Georg von

Volltext ()

Advanced optical materials (2021), Online First, Art. 2100787, 18 S.
ISSN: 2195-1071
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SPP 1839;
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ITWM ()
bio-mimetic materials; coupled waveguides; diffusive cloaking; hyperuniformity; structural color; tailored disorder

Disorder and photonics have long been seen as natural adversaries and designers of optical systems have often driven systems to perfection by minimizing deviations from the ideal design. Especially in the field of photonic crystals and metamaterials but also for optical circuits, disorder has been avoided as a nuisance for many years. However, starting from the very robust structural colors found in nature, scientists learn to analyze and tailor dis-order to achieve functionalities beyond what is possible with perfectly ordered or ideal systems alone. This review article covers theoretical and materials aspects of tailored disorder as well as experimental results. Furthermore selected examples are highlighted in greater detail, for which the intentional use of disorder adds additional functionality or provides novel functionality impossible without disorder.