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All-Printed Piezoresistive Sensor Matrix with Organic Thin-Film Transistors as a Switch for Crosstalk Reduction

: Correia, V.; Oliveira, J.; Perinka, N.; Costa, P.; Sowade, E.; Mitra, K.Y.; Baumann, R.R.; Lanceros-Mendez, S.


ACS applied electronic materials 2 (2020), Nr.5, S.1470-1477
ISSN: 2637-6113
Fraunhofer ENAS ()

A generation of piezoresistive sensors (force or deformation) fully processed by printing technologies is increasingly being implemented in applications due to advantages as a large-area application, simple device, integration, and high flexibility. This work reports the development of a fully printed piezoresistive (5 × 5 sensor) matrix in which an organic thin-film transistor (OTFT) is placed in each sensor to allow the readout of each sensor independently and thus reducing the crosstalk between individual sensors. The manufacturing was carried out using inkjet printing for the deposition of materials in a thin layer stacked on top of each other to obtain functional OTFTs. The piezoresistive nanocomposite sensors, based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes within an elastomeric styrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene (SEBS) polymer matrix, were fabricated by screen printing. The fabrication and characterization of both OTFT and sensors are presented and discussed in detail. The inkjet-printed OTFTs (width/length channel ratio of ∼130) show a drain-source current (IDS) of 150 μA with a gate-source voltage of −40 V. Gauge factors of up to 5.9 were obtained for the sensors, resulting in a current variation of 1.5 μA. This corresponds to about 0.7% of the total IDS in a deformation cycle.