Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Fundamental research of applying tungsten carbide-cobalt as tool electrode material for sinking EDM

: Uhlmann, E.; Polte, M.; Bolz, R.; Börnstein, J.

Volltext ()

Procedia CIRP 95 (2020), S.466-470
ISSN: 2212-8271
Conference on Electro Physical and Chemical Machining <20, 2021, Online>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IPK ()

The manufacturing process milling is limited in machining specific geometries like inner contours with sharp edges, high aspect ratios or defined radii. Sinking EDM (S-EDM) is an appropriate process to machine complex features if the negative geometry is machinable. The tool electrode wear is a critical factor, because it affects machining accuracy and process efficiency. The tool electrode wear depends on S-EDM processing parameters, the geometry and material of the tool electrode. The material tungsten carbide-cobalt owns suitable thermophysical properties for the application as tool electrode material in EDM. Most applications of tungsten carbide-cobalt in EDM are limited to EDM drilling processes, where tungsten carbide tube electrodes are widely used. The advancements in milling of hard materials enable an economic manufacturing of tungsten carbide-cobalt form electrodes for sinking EDM applications. However, it is not investigated which composition of the material tungsten carbide-cobalt is the most appropriate for the application as tool electrode material in S-EDM. Additionally, there are no suitable EDM process parameters in order to benefit from the material characteristics of the respective tungsten carbide-cobalt. Focus of this work is the analysis of different tungsten carbide grades regarding the average grain size and the cobalt content in order to identify correlations between the material characteristics and the EDM process results. Therefore, eight different tungsten carbide grades with four different grain sizes and five different cobalt contents were applied in S-EDM experimental analysis. The experimental studies showed a general suitability of tungsten carbide-cobalt tool electrodes for EDM-processing, where the material removal rate is comparable to commonly used tool electrode materials. Nevertheless, the relative tool wear shows inferior results. It could be observed that higher cobalt content and coarser grain size of the applied tungsten carbide tool electrodes are advantageous for S-EDM.