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Long-term stable compressive elastocaloric cooling system with latent heat transfer

: Bachmann, Nora; Fitger, Andreas; Maier, Lena Maria; Mahlke, Andreas; Schäfer-Welsen, Olaf; Koch, Thomas; Bartholomé, Kilian

Volltext ()

Communications Physics 4 (2021), Art. 194, 6 S.
ISSN: 2399-3650
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (Deutschland)
03VP04670; ElastoCool
Elastokalorik: Entwicklung hocheffizienter Wärmepumpen ohne schädliche Kältemittel zum Heizen und Kühlen
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IPM ()
Elastocalorics; cooling system; long-term stability; heat transfer; environmetally friendly

Elastocaloric cooling systems can evolve into an environmentally friendly alternative to compressor-based cooling systems. One of the main factors preventing its application is a poor long-term stability of the elastocaloric material. This especially applies to systems that work with tensile loads and which benefit from the large surface area for heat transfer. Exerting compressive instead of tensile loads on the material increases long-term stability-though at the expense of cooling power density. Here, we present a heat transfer concept for elastocaloric systems where heat is transferred by evaporation and condensation of a fluid. Enhanced heat transfer rates allow us to choose the sample geometry more freely and thereby realize a compression-based system showing unprecedented long-term stability of 107 cycles and cooling power density of 6270 W kg−1.