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Direct conversion of carbon dioxide to methane over ceria- and alumina-supported nickel catalysts for biogas valorization

: Gac, Wojciech; Zawadzki, Witold; Rotko, Marek; Greluk, Magdalena; Slowik, Grzegorz; Pennemann, Helmut; Neuberg, Stefan; Zapf, Ralf; Kolb, Gunther


ChemPlusChem 86 (2021), Nr.6, S.889-903
ISSN: 2192-6506
Fraunhofer IMM ()
biogas; Carbon dioxide methanation; heterogeneous catalysis; microchannel reactor; Nickel

Direct methanation of CO2 over ceria- and alumina-supported nickel catalysts in the feed stream containing methane and traces of H2S is reported. Stability tests for 20 h at 350 and 600 °C with a packed-bed reactor showed high resistance of the catalysts to sintering processes. Higher conversion at 350 °C was observed for ceria supported nickel catalyst. Thermodynamic analysis indicated that CO2 contained in biogas can be converted to methane without carbon formation under specific reaction conditions. An introduction of CH4 to CO2−H2 feed stream led to the decrease in CO2 conversion and CH4 selectivity. An introduction of the trace amounts of H2S into the feed stream led to the fast drop of CO2 conversion and CH4 selectivity; higher durability (20 %) was observed for Al2O3 than CeO2 supported catalysts. An improved performance of catalysts coated onto high-pressure microchannel microreactors for the direct CO2 methanation reaction applying model biogas mixture was demonstrated.