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Dimension-Reduced Rx Beamforming Optimized for Simultaneous Detection and Estimation

 
: Neuberger, Nadav; Vehmas, Risto; Ender, Joachim

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Volltext ()

IEEE transactions on aerospace and electronic systems 57 (2021), Nr.4, S.2501-2513
ISSN: 0018-9251
ISSN: 1557-9603
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer FHR ()

Abstract
Phased array radar systems are indispensable in many applications requiring robust sensing of the environment. To achieve sensitive target detection and accurate direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation, a high number of receiving antenna elements is needed. The high dimension of the element level data inevitably leads to a large computational burden for the digital signal processing. This problem can be overcome by transforming the element level data into a lower dimensional beamspace. In this paper, we present a novel parameter-controlled design method to construct this transformation. If the dimension reduction is not too drastic, it jointly achieves optimal detection and DOA estimation performance. Otherwise, it meets pre-defined performance criteria by exploiting an acceptable trade-off between detection and DOA estimation performance. We propose a general design tool, which is not limited to a specific array configuration. The design tool comprises a pre-calculated set of plots, providing the radar designer an overview of possible performance for a given scenario. We describe a straightforward method to construct the corresponding transformation. Numerical studies highlight the superiority of the proposed design method.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-638570.html