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Towards attosecond imaging at the nanoscale using broadband holography-assisted coherent imaging in the extreme ultraviolet

: Eschen, W.; Wang, S.; Liu, C.; Klas, R.; Steinert, M.; Yulin, S.; Meißner, H.; Bussmann, M.; Pertsch, T.; Limpert, J.; Rothhardt, J.

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Communications Physics 4 (2021), Nr.1, Art. 154, 7 S.
ISSN: 2399-3650
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Nanoscale coherent imaging has emerged as an indispensable modality, allowing to surpass the resolution limit given by classical imaging optics. At the same time, attosecond science has experienced enormous progress and has revealed the ultrafast dynamics in complex materials. Combining attosecond temporal resolution of pump-probe experiments with nanometer spatial resolution would allow studying ultrafast dynamics on the smallest spatio-temporal scales but has not been demonstrated yet. To date, the large bandwidth of attosecond pulses poses a major challenge to high-resolution coherent imaging. Here, we present broadband holography-enhanced coherent imaging, which enables the combination of high-resolution coherent imaging with a large spectral bandwidth. By implementing our method at a high harmonic source, we demonstrate a spatial resolution of 34 nm in combination with a spectral bandwidth of 5.5 eV at a central photon energy of 92 eV. The method is single-shot capable and retrieves the spectrum from the measured diffraction pattern.