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Ultra-short pulsed laser powder bed fusion of Al-Si alloys: Impact of pulse duration and energy in comparison to continuous wave excitation

: Ullsperger, T.; Liu, D.; Yürekli, B.; Matthäus, G.; Schade, L.; Seyfahrt, B.; Kohl, H.; Ramm, R.; Rettenmayr, M.; Nolte, S.

Volltext ()

Additive manufacturing 46 (2021), Art. 102085, 12 S.
ISSN: 2214-8604
ISSN: 2214-7810
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IOF ()
additive manufacturing; Hypereutectic Al-Si alloys; laser powder bed fusion; rapid solidification; Ultra-short laser pulses

Laser assisted powder bed fusion of Al-40 wt%Si using ultra-short laser pulses is presented. The effects of the pulse duration as well as the pulse energy on the melt pool size, solidification morphology and material properties have been investigated. The experiments have been carried out with a mode-locked fiber laser system delivering pulses from 500 fs up to 800 ps at a wavelength of 1030 nm. Comparative investigations have been performed using a continuous wave Yb-fiber laser operating at 1070 nm. The results show that the melt pool width is reduced at shorter pulse durations and higher repetition rates while maintaining the same average power. Additionally, keyhole melting is achieved in pulsed operation after exceeding the threshold fluence for single pulse ablation. In comparison to continuous wave radiation, powder bed fusion using ultra-short laser pulses leads to a more uniform melt pool shape with refined primary Si and eutectic structure that is accompanied with an improvement of the mechanical properties.