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Implementation of tunable resonators in planar groove gap waveguide technology

: Oyedokun, T.; Geschke, R.H.; Stander, T.


International journal of microwave and wireless technologies (2021), Online First, 7 S.
ISSN: 1759-0795
ISSN: 1759-0787
Fraunhofer FHR ()

We present a tunable planar groove gap waveguide (PGGWG) resonant cavity at Ka-band. The cavity demonstrates varactor loading and biasing without bridging wires or annular rings, as commonly is required in conventional substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) resonant cavities. A detailed co-simulation strategy is also presented, with indicative parametric tuning data. Measured results indicate a 4.48% continuous frequency tuning range of 32.52-33.98 GHz and a Qu tuning range of 63-85, corresponding to the DC bias voltages of 0-16 V. Discrepancies between simulated and measured results are analyzed, and traced to process variation in the multi-layer printed circuit board stack, as well as unaccounted varactor parasitics and surface roughness.