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Influence of the frequency of pulsating high-pressure cutting fluid jets on the resulting chip length and surface finish

 
: Splettstoesser, A.; Schraknepper, D.; Bergs, T.

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Volltext ()

The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (2021), Online First, 12 S.
ISSN: 0268-3768
ISSN: 1433-3015
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IPT ()

Abstract
High-pressure cutting fluid supply is a proven technology for chip breaking when turning difficult-to-cut materials, such as Inconel 718. However, the technology is usually not suitable for the finish turning of safety-critical parts in aero engines. The acting force of the cutting fluid jet on the back of the chip causes chip breaking. The broken chips are then accelerated by the cutting fluid jet towards the workpiece surfaces where they cause damage on impact. One approach to minimize surface damage is a specific increase in the chip length. The center of gravity of the chips with an adjusted length is shifted out of the focus where the cutting fluid jet hits the chips. Hence, the already finished surface is subjected to fewer impacts of the chips. In this study, the adjustment of the chip length by pulsating high-pressure cutting fluid supply to prevent surface damage was investigated. A valve unit was used to generate two alternating cutting fluid supply pressure levels in certain time intervals. During the low-pressure stage, the force of the cutting fluid jet does not lead to chip breakage and the chip length increases until the valves switch and the high-pressure stage is released. The focus of this work was the analysis of the relationship between the duration of the low-pressure and high-pressure time intervals and the chip length. Additionally, the influence of the depth of cut, the feed, and the cutting speed on the chip length during pulsating high-pressure cutting fluid supply was investigated. Finally, a case study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the pulsating high-pressure cutting fluid supply technology. Therefore, the shoulder surface of a demonstrator part was finished by face turning. Following, the cylindrical surface was finished with a continuous and pulsating high-pressure cutting fluid supply with varied supply parameters. Microscopic analyses of the surface prove that the pulsating high-pressure cutting fluid supply prevents the surface from being damaged by the impacts of chips.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-637262.html