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Distinguishing atrial fibrillation from sinus rhythm using commercial pulse detection systems: The non-interventional BAYathlon study

: Müller, C.; Hengstmann, U.; Fuchs, M.; Kirchner, M.; Kleinjung, F.; Mathis, H.; Martin, S.; Bläse, I.; Perings, S.

Volltext ()

Digital health 7 (2021), Online First, 11 S.
ISSN: 2055-2076
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer FIT ()

Early diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a priority for stroke prevention. We sought to test four commercial pulse detection systems (CPDSs) for ability to distinguish AFib from normal sinus rhythm using a published algorithm (Zhou, PLoS One 2015;10:e0136544), compared with visual diagnosis by electrocardiogram inspection.
BAYathlon was a prospective, non-interventional, single-centre study. Adult cardiology patients with documented AFib or sinus rhythm who were due to have a routine 5-min electrocardiogram were randomized to undergo a parallel 5-min pulse assessment with a Polar V800, eMotion Faros 360, TomTom heart rate monitor, or Adidas miCoach Smart Run.
144 patients (73 with AFib, 71 with sinus rhythm (based on electrocardiograms); median age: 73 years; 53.5% male) were analysed. Algorithm sensitivities (primary endpoint) and specificities for AFib when applied to CPDS recordings were 93.3% and 94.1% with the Polar V800, 90.0% and 84.2% with the eMotion Faros 360, and 0% and 100% with the other CPDSs (analysis period: 127 heart rate signals + 2 min). When applied to routine electrocardiograms, the algorithm correctly detected AFib in 71/73 patients. Different analysis periods (127 heart rate signals +1 or 3 min) only slightly changed the sensitivities with the Polar V800 and eMotion Faros 360 and had no effect on the sensitivities with the other CPDSs.
AFib screening using the applied algorithm is feasible with the Polar V800 and eMotion Faros 360 (which provide RR interval data) but not with the other CPDSs (which provide pre-processed heart rate time series).