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Reconstruction of operating loads in wind turbines with inertial measurement units

Rekonstruktion von Betriebslasten in Windkraftanlagen mit Inertial Messeinheiten
: Wiens, M.; Martin, T.; Meyer, T.; Zuga, A.

Volltext ()

Forschung im Ingenieurwesen 85 (2021), Nr.2, S.181-188
ISSN: 0015-7899
ISSN: 1434-0860
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IWES ()

Wind turbines are a major source of renewable energy. Load monitoring is considered to improve reliability of the systems and to reduce the cost of operation. We propose a load monitoring system which consists of inertial measurement units. These track the movement of rotor blade, hub and tower top. In addition, wind turbine states, e.g. yaw angle, pitch angle and rotation speed, are recorded. By solving a navigation algorithm with a Kalman Filter approach, the raw sensor data is combined with an error model to reduce the tracking error. In total, five inertial measurement units are installed on the research wind energy converter AD 8–180 on the test site in Bremerhaven. Results show that tracking the blade movement in full operation is possible and that loads can be estimated with a model-based approach. In comparison to simulations, the blade deflections can be approximated by an aeroelastic model. The presented approach can be used as basis for comprehensive load monitoring and observer system with additional increase of system robustness by measurement redundancy.