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Flexible, fast, and benchmarked vectorial model for focused laser beams

: Li, Q.; Chambonneau, M.; Blothe, M.; Gross, H.; Nolte, S.


Applied optics 60 (2021), Nr.13, S.3954-3963
ISSN: 0003-6935
ISSN: 1539-4522
ISSN: 1559-128X
ISSN: 2155-3165
Fraunhofer IOF ()
application programs; knowledge management; laser beams; refractive index

In-bulk processing of materials by laser radiation has largely evolved over the last decades and still opens up new scientific and industrial potentials. The development of any in-bulk processing application relies on the knowledge of laser propagation and especially the volumetric field distribution near the focus. Many commercial programs can simulate this, but, to adapt them, or to develop new methods, one usually must create a specific software. Besides, most of the time people also need to measure the actual field distribution near the focus to evaluate their assumptions in the simulation. To easily get access to this knowledge, we present our high-precision field distribution measuring method and release our in-house software InFocus [], under the Creative Commons 4.0 license. Our measurements provide 300nmlongitudinal resolution and diffraction limited lateral resolution. The in-house software allows fast vectorial analysis of the focused volumetric field distribution in bulk. Simulations of the linear propagation of light under different conditions (focusing optics, wavelength, spatial shape, and propagation medium) are in excellent agreement with propagation imaging experiments. The aberrations provoked by the refractive index mismatch as well as those induced by the focusing optics are both taken into account. The results indicate that our proposed model is suitable for the precise evaluation of energy deposition.