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Dry-ED milling of micro-scale contours with high-speed rotating tungsten tube electrodes

: Uhlmann, E.; Perfilov, I.; Yabroudi, S.; Mevert, R.; Polte, M.

Volltext ()

Procedia CIRP 95 (2020), S.533-538
ISSN: 2212-8271
Conference on Electro Physical and Chemical Machining <20, 2021, Online>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IPK ()

This paper presents machining results for dry-ED milling of micro-scale contours by use of a new machine tool, including a relaxation generator, designed for dry-EDM. To implement the dry-ED milling process tungsten tube electrodes were used. The gas is injected through the tubular tool electrode under high pressure. Additionally, a high-speed EDM spindle was used to overcome process instabilities and increase the material removal rate due to better flushing conditions. Further, fluid simulations of the flushing conditions are presented in this paper. It is found that the use of gaseous dielectrics enables much better machining results in terms of shape accuracy and tool wear. The simulations provide new insights in the flushing conditions when using gaseous dielectrics. The calculated fluid flow pattern shows a great agreement with the observed depositions of reattached molten material on the tool and workpiece surface. The results presented as well as the hardware introduced enable the industrial application of dry-EDM for the first time.