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Extending StructureNet to generate physically feasible 3D shapes

: Koch, Jannik; Haraké, Laura; Jung, Alisa; Dachsbacher, Carsten


Sousa, A. ; Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication -INSTICC-, Setubal; International Association for Pattern Recognition -IAPR-:
16th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications. Proceedings. Vol.1: GRAPP : February 8-10, 2021
Setúbal: SciTePress, 2021
ISBN: 978-989-758-488-6
International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (VISIGRAPP) <16, 2021, Online>
International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (GRAPP) <16, 2021, Online>
Fraunhofer IOSB ()

StructureNet is a recently introduced n-ary graph network that generates 3D structures with awareness of geometric part relationships and promotes reasonable interactions between shape parts. However, depending on the inferred latent space, the generated objects may lack physical feasibility, since parts might be detached or not arranged in a load-bearing manner. We extend StructureNet’s training method to optimize the physical feasibility of these shapes by adapting its loss function to measure the structural intactness. Two new changes are hereby introduced and applied on disjunctive shape parts: First, for the physical feasibility of linked parts, forces acting between them are determined. Considering static equilibrium, compression and friction, they are assembled in a constraint system as the Measure of Infeasibility. The required interfaces between these parts are identified using Constructive Solid Geometry. Secondly, we define a novel metric called Hover Penalty that detects and penalizes unconnected shape parts to improve the overall feasibility. The extended StructureNet is trained on PartNet’s chair data set, using a bounding box representation for the geometry. We demonstrate first results that indicate a significant reduction of hovering shape parts and a promising correction of shapes that would be physically infeasible.