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Real-time phase-retrieval and wavefront sensing enabled by an artificial neural network

: White, J.; Wang, S.; Eschen, W.; Rothhardt, J.

Volltext ()

Optics Express 29 (2021), Nr.6, S.9283-9293
ISSN: 1094-4087
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IOF ()
adaptive optics; diffraction patterns; interferometry; iterative methods; optical phase conjugation

In this manuscript we demonstrate a method to reconstruct the wavefront of focused beams from a measured diffraction pattern behind a diffracting mask in real-time. The phase problem is solved by means of a neural network, which is trained with simulated data and verified with experimental data. The neural network allows live reconstructions within a few milliseconds, which previously with iterative phase retrieval took several seconds, thus allowing the adjustment of complex systems and correction by adaptive optics in real time. The neural network additionally outperforms iterative phase retrieval with high noise diffraction patterns.