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Modeling of surface-induced second-harmonic generation from multilayer structures by the transfer matrix method

: Pakhomov, A.V.; Hammerschmidt, M.; Burger, S.; Pertsch, T.; Setzpfandt, F.

Volltext ()

Optics Express 29 (2021), Nr.6, S.9098-9122
ISSN: 1094-4087
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IOF ()
harmonic analysis; harmonic-generation; multilayers; nonlinear optics

We analytically and numerically investigate surface second-harmonic generation (SHG) from a stack of dielectric layers. We develop a theoretical formalism based on the transfer matrix method for the calculation of the surface-driven second-harmonic radiation from multilayer structures and elaborate it for the case of ultrathin dielectric layers using a power series expansion to derive the effective surface nonlinear tensor for the whole stack. We show that for deeply subwavelength thicknesses of the layers the surface responses from all interfaces can efficiently sum up, leading to largely enhanced efficiency of SHG. As a result, such surface-driven nonlinearity can become comparable to the bulk nonlinearity in noncentrosymmetric semiconductors and can yield high performance for nonlinear nanophotonic applications.