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Investigation of Cellular Function and DNA Integrity during 2D in vitro Culture of Human Salivary Gland Epithelial Cells

: Burghartz, Marc; Taeger, Johannes; Metzger, Marco; Scherzad, Agmal; Gehrke, Thomas; Ickrath, Pascal; Kolb, Evelyn; Kleinsasser, Norbert; Hagen, Rudolf; Hackenberg, Stephan


Cells tissues organs 208 (2020), Nr.1-2, S.66-75
ISSN: 1422-6405
ISSN: 1422-6421
Fraunhofer ISC ()
2D culture; cellular function; comet assay; human salivary gland epithelial cells; DNA

In vitro culture of human salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC) is still a challenge. A high quantity and quality of cells are needed for the cultivation of 3D matrices. Furthermore, it is known that DNA damage is supposed to be an important factor involved in carcinogenesis. This study investigates cellular function and DNA integrity of human SGEC during 3 passage steps in 2 groups (group 1: n = 10; group 2: n = 9). Cellular function was analyzed by immunofluorescence, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). DNA integrity was tested via the comet assay. Immunohistochemistry and qPCR results showed stable α-amylase and pan-cytokeratin levels; TEM revealed functional cells; and no significant DNA damage could be detected in the comet assay during 3 culture steps. The study shows that not only at cellular but also at DNA level human SGEC can be safely quantified over 3 passages for preclinical tissue engineering without loss of differentiation and function.