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Diffusion lengths of silicon solar cells from luminescence images

: Würfel, P.; Trupke, T.; Puzzer, T.; Schäffer, E.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.


Journal of applied physics 101 (2007), Nr.12, Art. 123110, 10 S.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
Fraunhofer ISE ()

A method for spatially resolved measurement of the minority carrier diffusion length in silicon wafers and in silicon solar cells is introduced. The method, which is based on measuring the ratio of two luminescence images taken with two different spectral filters, is applicable, in principle, to both photoluminescence and electroluminescence measurements and is demonstrated experimentally by electroluminescence measurements on a multicrystalline silicon solar cell. Good agreement is observed with the diffusion length distribution obtained from a spectrally resolved light beam induced current map. In contrast to the determination of diffusion lengths from one single luminescence image, the method proposed here gives absolute values of the diffusion length and, in comparison, it is much less sensitive to lateral voltage variations across the cell area as caused by local variations of the series resistance. It is also shown that measuring the ratio of two luminescence images allows distinguishing shunts or surface defects from bulk defects.