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Micro tri-generation system for indoor air conditioning in the Mediterranean climate

: Henning, H.-M.; Pagano, T.; Mola, S.; Wiemken, E.


Agnew, B.:
Heat powered cycles 2004 : Presented at the Heat Powered Cycles Conference held at Larnaca, Cyprus in October 2004
New York: Elsevier Science, 2007 (Applied thermal engineering 27.2007, Nr.13)
ISSN: 1359-4311
International Heat Powered Cycles Conference (HPC) <3, 2004, Larnaka>
Konferenzbeitrag, Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ISE ()

Mediterranean countries show two specific features regarding air-conditioning of buildings: a high-and growing-cooling load and high relative humidity, at least in coastal zones. In this contribution we report on the development of an innovative micro scale tri-generation system (power + heating + cooling), equipped with a rotor based desiccant system adapted to the Mediterranean conditions which receives heat for the desiccant regeneration from a combined heat and power (CHP) cycle. The paper presents the design of the advanced desiccant air handling unit which uses a high efficient combination of a vapor compression chiller working at a high evaporator temperature and a desiccant wheel (silica gel). The electricity of the chiller is supplied by the CHP system and the heat to regenerate the desiccant is the waste heat of the CHP. System simulations have been used to optimize the hydraulic design and the operation strategy in order to minimize operation costs and maximize energy savings. Some new component models, e.g. for the advanced desiccant cycle were developed for this purpose. The final design of the entire system consisting of the CHP system, the vapor compression chiller, the advanced desiccant air handling unit and the load system is described. The load system is composed of an air duct network with induction units and a chilled water network with fan-coils in the office rooms. Regarding energy performance results indicate an electricity saving > 30% in comparison to state-of-the-art solutions based on conventional technology.