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Corrosion of Si3N4-ceramics in aqueous solutions. Part 2: Corrosion mechanisms in acids as a function of concentration, temperature and composition

Korrosion von Si3N4-Keramiken in wäßrigen Lösungen. Teil 2: Korrosionsmechanismen in Säuren als Funktion der Konzentration, Temperatur und Zusammensetzung
: Schilm, J.; Herrmann, M.; Michael, G.


Journal of the European Ceramic Society 27 (2007), Nr.12, S.3573-3588
ISSN: 0955-2219
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
ceramics; corrosion-resistance; grain boundaries; passivation; scanning electron microscopy; silicon compound; transmission electron microscopy

(Continued from Number 26 (2006)16, Page 3909-3917) The corrosion behaviour of Si3N4-ceramics with different grain boundary compositions was investigated in H2SO4 with different concentrations at 90 deg C and was compared with the corrosion behaviour of glasses. In part I of this paper the influence of temperature was investigated. The investigation showed that the corrosion rate as well as the corrosion mechanisms strongly depend on the concentration and temperature of the acid and the composition of the grain boundary phase. The observed dependencies allow the prediction of the corrosion behaviour of silicon nitride ceramics in acids. The investigation of the morphology of the corrosion layers by SEM and TEM proves that the observed passivation of the materials during corrosion in H2SO4 with concentrations higher than 0.5 mol/l is caused by the formation of SiO2-rich layers inside the corroded triple junctions. The experimental results were discussed in terms of corrosion mechanisms allowing a qualitative prediction of the corrosion behaviour at least. The corrosion resistant Si3N4-materials can be reached by tailoring the amount and composition of the grain boundary phase.
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