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Blind spoofing GNSS constellation detection using a multi-antenna snapshot receiver

: Merwe, J.R. van der; Rügamer, A.; Felber, W.

Volltext ()

Sensors. Online journal 19 (2019), Nr.24, Art. 5439, 23 S.
ISSN: 1424-8220
ISSN: 1424-8239
ISSN: 1424-3210
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Spoofing of global navigation satellite system (GNSS) signals threatens positioning systems. A counter-method is to detect the presence of spoofed signals, followed by a warning to the user. In this paper, a multi-antenna snapshot receiver is presented to detect the presence of a spoofing attack. The spatial similarities of the array steering vectors are analyzed, and different metrics are used to establish possible detector functions. These include subset methods, Eigen-decomposition, and clustering algorithms. The results generated within controlled spoofing conditions show that a spoofed constellation of GNSS satellites can be successfully detected. The derived system-level detectors increase performance in comparison to pair-wise methods. A controlled test setup achieved perfect detection; however, in real-world cases, the performance would not be as ideal. Some detection metrics and features for blind spoofing detecting, with an array of antennas, are identified, which opens the field for future advanced multi-detector developments.