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Influence of wire material and diameter on the reliability of Al-H11, Al-CR, Al-R and AlX heavy wire bonds during power cycling

 
: Ehrhardt, C.; Geissler, U.; Höfer, J.; Broll, M.; Ramelow, M.-S.; Lang, K.-D.; Schmitz, S.

Energietechnische Gesellschaft -ETG-; Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker e.V. -VDE-, Berlin:
CIPS 2016, 9th International Conference on Integrated Power Electronics Systems. Proceedings. CD-ROM : March, 8 - 10, 2016, Nuremberg/Germany
Berlin: VDE-Verlag, 2016 (ETG Fachbericht 148)
ISBN: 978-3-8007-4171-7
ISBN: 3-8007-4171-7
6 S.
International Conference on Integrated Power Electronics Systems (CIPS) <9, 2016, Nuremberg>
Englisch
Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer IZM ()

Abstract
This Paper presents reliability results of aluminum heavy wire bonds during power cycling on MOSFET modules. In order to investigate the effect of the wire material on the reliability different wire alloys like Al-H11, Al-CR, Al-R and AlX were used. Furthermore, the influence of the wire diameter on the lifetime of the power modules was also tested using 125 micrometer, 300 micrometer and 400 micrometer Al-H11 wire diameters. The bonding parameters were optimized for all samples so that a shear code 3 (area of the shear residues between 50 % and 75 %) and shear code 4 (area of the shear residues higher than 75 %) could be set. For lifetime testing active power cycling with different temperature swings (DeltaT = 75 K, 85 K, 95 K and 105 K) were performed. The samples were characterized by shear testing to evaluate the quality of the bonding zone in the initial state and after different intervals. The normalized shear force was plotted as a function of the cycle number. It was shown that the wire diameter has a significant influence on the reliability compared to the standard Al heavy wire material. Only the AlX wires show a distinct increase in lifetime compared to Al-H11, Al-R and Al-CR. A significant higher life time could be achieved using smaller wire dimeters. Microstructure analyzes using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) show a district rotated cube (RC) texture with same grain sizes slightly above the chip metallization for all 3 pure Al wire materials.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-630212.html